A 4. What is meant by "Native Language/Bilingual", "Medium of Instruction", or "English as a Foreign Language"?

We regard strong language skills to be a crucial prerequisite to successfully master the Master of Science in Photonics program. Considering the sporadic uncertainty of the terms "Native language/Bilingual", "Medium of Instruction" and "English as a foreign language" we would like clarify their definitions which we use as a basis for your application. Therefore, please take your own situation and background carefully into consideration before wrongfully choosing an option which does not apply to you.

Native Language/Bilingual: We regard English as your native language if you are raised in a country where English is the commonly spoken, and at least one of your parents (or equivalently: legal guardians) is also a native speaker of English. You are bilingual, if you have grown up completely in a country where English is the first language and neither of your parents is a native speaker of English, or you have grown up in a country where English is not the first language but one of your parents is a native speaker of English and you have had significant exposure to English for the entire time you grew up.

Medium of Instruction: If your previous academic education (e.g. at university) has been completely conducted in the English language, we consider English to be the "Medium of Instruction" within the scope of your academic career. In this case, please provide us with proof of this, for example an official letter from the Registrar's Office of your university or with a Transcript of Records where the fact that all lessons have been held in English is noted. Please note: Statements of attendance to a language course offered by your university or claiming that your pre-academic education (e.g. in school) happened in English language do not serve as sufficient proof for the option "Medium of Instruction".

English as Foreign Language: In all cases not covered above, English is regarded as your foreign language, even if you grew up in an environment, where English might be the official language but is not spoken commonly or you have learnt English in your primary or secondary education or English was only a part of your academic education.

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